KELLOGG WONG, CO-AUTHOR
Kellogg Wong was born in Rosedale, Mississippi in 1928, a year before the Great Depression. At the age of five, he and his two siblings were sent to Nanjing for a “better” life, but returned to the United States when Japan invaded Shanghai in 1937.
He attended the bilingual Chinese Mission School in Cleveland, Mississippi, established by Chinese parents in the segregated Mississippi Delta, before rising through the much superior high school system in Memphis, Tennessee. He earned a Bachelor of Architecture degree from the Georgia Institute of Technology in 1952. Upon graduation he was awarded, but necessarily declined, a Fontainebleau Traveling Fellowship in order to serve two years of active military service as required by his attendance at a land grant college. His tour of duty began as a Guided Missile Briefing Officer with a top secret clearance at the U. S. Army Ordnance Corp facilities at White Sands Proving Grounds in New Mexico, followed by a stint as commander of one of the largest U.S. Army ammunition depots in Korea.
After military service, Mr. Wong practiced architecture in Houston, Texas, and then enrolled at the acclaimed Cranbrook Academy of Art, founded by Eliel Saarinen in Bloomfield Hills, Michigan. He earned his M.Arch. degree and, at the urging of his brother, Pershing Wong, also an architect, moved to New York City in order to gain the invaluable experience of working for a year or two in the office of the increasingly prominent Chinese-American architect I.M. Pei. At the time, Pei was employed by the legendary developer William Zeckendorf as head of the Architectural Department of Webb & Knapp, one of the largest real estate companies in New York.
Excepting a two-year sabbatical as Assistant Professor at Rice University School of Architecture, Mr. Wong remained with the Pei office for some forty years – nearly his entire professional life. During that time he worked almost exclusively with I.M. Pei on such award-winning projects as the School of Journalism at Syracuse University, National Airlines Terminal at Idlewild (now JFK International) airport, and most importantly, Everson Museum, I.M. Pei’s first cultural project and the sculptural precursor of the many museums that followed. Mr. Wong also worked on The Four Seasons Hotel in New York.
In the early days of Singapore’s independence and nation-building, Wong worked on ambitious mixed-use schemes for Raffles International Center and its subsequent realization at Raffles City, a 4 million-square-foot complex encompassing hotels, convention spaces, offices, restaurants, and commercial space. In addition, he played an important role in OCBC, the 52-story Overseas Chinese Banking Corporation headquarters, which was the tallest building in Asia upon completion in 1976; the twin-tower Gateway office complex; and both the Singapore River Master Plan and Marina South Master Plan, which together formed the guidelines for the eventual development of Singapore’s expanded central business district.
In China, Mr. Wong worked on Fragrant Hill Hotel outside Beijing (planning and site selection phase), as well as on the Bank of China Tower in Hong Kong, the world’s sixth tallest building upon completion in 1989, and also Sunning Plaza office and apartment project, both in Hong Kong.
Mr. Wong’s last international works in the Pei office were located in Malaysia, Taiwan, and Indonesia, including a series of projects at Anggana Danamon in Jakarta that encompassed master planning, landscape optimization, hotels, office buildings, residential towers, public spaces, and supporting facilities.
Associate Partner Emeritus Kellogg Wong retired from the firm of Pei Cobb Freed & Partners in 2000. In the following year he was enlisted by the Renato Sarno Group of Milan, Italy to perform the preliminary phase of the Capital Master Refurbishment Plan of the United Nations Headquarters, New York. The project was successfully completed upon unanimous approval of the full session of the United National General Assembly.
Subsequently Mr. Wong completed the design for The Buddha Maitreya Shambhala Monastery in Lake County, CA, and assumed his current role as a principal of Proforma , Inc./FORM of New York City, also heading up the New York Design Center of J.A.O. Design International, Beijing.
Over the years Mr. Wong has lectured at numerous leading universities, organizations and conferences, served on major international design juries, and actively participated on the governing bodies and committees of professional agencies, community and church planning advisory boards.
During the last decade his interests have focused increasingly on China, where development pressures continue to grow and where, he firmly believes, with patient understanding and professional guidance, great social and architectural advances can be realized. Mr. Wong’s decision to participate in this book speaks deeply of his commitment to public service, which he sees as both an honor and a duty for the greater good of man and his environment.
黄慧生于1928年，也就是“大萧条”前一年生于密西西比的玫瑰谷。五岁时，家人将他及另外两个孩子送回中国南京以获得“更好的”生活。1937年，当日本入侵中国上海时，三个孩子返回美国。黄先生随后进入位于克里夫兰德，由密西西比三角洲隔离区的中国家长们共同修建的中英双语学校学习。黄先生的高中在田纳西州孟菲斯市的高级中学完成，并于1952年取得了佐治亚理工大学的建筑学士学位。接下来，在学院要求下，黄先生凭借枫丹白露旅行奖学金为军队服务了两年。这期间，他首先在位于新墨西哥州的白沙试验场担任导弹项目简报官。这是一项涉及美国陆军军火设施最高机密的工作。随后，他在位于韩国的美国陆军最大的军火库之一短暂任职，职位为指挥官。两年军旅生活后，黄先生在德州休斯顿开始建筑设计。之后，他进入由Eliel Saarinen建立，位于密歇根布罗姆菲尔德的克兰布鲁克艺术学院继续深造。取得建筑学硕士学位后，在哥哥Pershing Wong，同时也是一位建筑师的敦促下，黄先生搬到了美国，在非常有名望的华裔建筑师I.M.Pei门下工作，收获了非常宝贵的检验。Pei先生当时受雇于由传奇设计师William Zeckendorf领头的Webb & Knapp 建筑公司。这是纽约最大的地产公司之一。
除了在莱斯大学建筑学院担任助理教授的两年，黄先生在Pei 工作室工作了将近40年 — 这几乎是他专业建筑师生涯的全部。期间他与Pei合作了多个获奖项目，包括雪城大学新闻学院及位于爱德怀德机场（今天的JFK国际机场）的国际航线航站楼。而他们最著名的项目，则是艾弗森博物馆。这也是Pei的第一个文化类建筑。该博物馆的雕塑风格也成为了后来类似博物馆的先驱。黄先生也参与了纽约四季酒店的设计。
在过去的十年中，黄先生对中国建筑设计的兴趣大大增强。他认为中国是一个正承受着巨大发展压力的国家。同时，在逐步的理解及专业的指导下，这个国家对社会化及符合建筑学规律的建筑设计会有更好的认识。在<Vertical City> 一书中，黄先生阐释了他对公共服务，这一他视如至高荣誉及责任的使命的见解，并认为正是这种使命让他从各个层面得到了提升。